On January 31, 2022, the Transparency International released the 2022 Corruption Perception Index (CPI). The index is an important indicator of the corruption’s perception in the public sector of 180 countries and territories, that are evaluated in a scale from 0, which means a perception of highly corrupt, to 100, which means a perception of integrity.
According to the report made by Transparency International, in 2022, 124 countries maintained their corruption level, while there was an increase in the number of countries that had worsened when compared with the previous years. More than two-thirds of the countries scored below 50.
The index indicates that in the last five years, only eight countries had significant improvements in their scores. At the same time, ten countries worsened significantly, including countries with good positions in the ranking, such as Austria, Luxembourg, and the United Kingdom.
According to the 2022 CPI, Western Europe and the European Union remained the region with the best average level when compared to the other evaluated regions; however, the scores remained the same as in previous years. The NGO highlighted the war between Russia and Ukraine and the risks of economic recession as the main challenges for the region.
Regarding Brazil, Transparency International indicated that from 2012 to 2022, the country lost 5 points in the CPI and dropped 25 positions, moving from 69th and 43 points in 20912 to 94th place and 38 points in 2022. The Transparency International highlights that Brazil’s current 38 points are below the global average (43 points) and the regional average for Latin America and the Caribbean (43 points). Although Brazil’s score remained the same in 2022 compared to the preceding year, there was an improvement in Brazil’s position in the ranking, as it rose two positions, i.e., from 96th to 94th, as a result of the decrease in the score of other countries.
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